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exterior cladding

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7 Finishing

7.1 Services

Ensure service pipes and wires are fixed or checked into the frame and not laid loose in the extended wall cavity. All materials that are susceptible to deterioration due to plasticiser migration must be protected (check with product manufacturer). Some PVC products or electrical cabling that penetrate the coating system and QT EcoSeries Wall Panel, require a conduit to ensure it is protected. Copper pipes require a sleeve, conduit or tape to prevent contact with the wall panel.

Meter Box——————

7.2 Penetrations

Voids or gaps created by service penetrations through the exterior wall require weatherproofing and or waterproofing. A common method is to inject with expandable polyurethane foam and seal with a long lasting exterior gap sealant to make a weather tight seal. Where practical add a flange or decorative feature over the hole or penetration.

Penetrations—————————-

7.3 Sealants

Use an exterior grade weatherproof sealant for exterior wall construction and as a general-purpose gap filling. Apply sealant in accordance to manufacturers recommendations. For a sealant to work effectively, the sealant must be applied as shown in the sketch below, Opening Width (D) x Depth (D/2) half the width. Use backing rod as required. Ensure surfaces are in good condition clean and free from oil, dust, loose materials including old sealant and release agents. Apply masking tape to surfaces where contact with sealant is not required. Tape should be removed before sealant cures. Smooth the surface of the sealant and ensure excess sealant is removed. Refer manufacturers curing or drying times before painting.

Sealant Application—————————–

7.4 Heavy & Frequently Adjusted Fixtures:

Heavy items are not to be fitted directly to the QT EcoSeries Wall Panel. They should have their own stand-alone supports or be tied to the supporting wall frame (eg. Clothes lines). Items subject to frequent handling (e.g. Flood-Lights and sensors) require a mounting plate, to be fixed across at least two or more frame studs to give longterm fixing support. The backing plate must be of a material that will offer, long-term weatherproof durability. If the internal lining is already installed, the mounting plate can be installed externally prior to the installation of the QT EcoSeries Wall Panel.

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2 Series Slab Construction

Rebated Slab
(AS4.1.C)

Suspended Floor
(AS-4.3.B)

Flush Slab
(AS-4.2.B)

Note
All panel fixings to be 10g x 75mm class 3 screws or 75 x 3.15 ø or 3.75 ø class 3 ring shank nails with QT Buttons at 225mm centres as per technical manual section 2. Batten fixings should be class 3 and as section 2 of the technical manual.

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1.0 Introduction

CSR Panel Systems is a division of CSR Building Products Limited, one of Australia’s leading building products companies.

CSR Panel Systems manufactures Hebel Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC). The AAC in Hebel products is manufactured from sand, lime and cement to which a gas-forming agent is added. The liberated gas expands the mixture, forming extremely small, finely dispersed air pockets, resulting in lightweight aerated concrete.

CSR Panel Systems has manufactured Hebel products that have won wide acceptance as innovative and environmentally preferable building materials. This is due to their lightweight nature, excellent thermal, fire and acoustic properties and design versatility. These inherent properties of Hebel products help achieve quick and cost efficient construction practices as well as providing for comfortable operating environments inside the buildings all year round.

Build a premium home with Hebel PowerBlock 

Hebel PowerBlocks are large AAC Blocks with a standard face dimension of 600mm x 200mm, laid in much the same way as bricks but using Hebel Adhesive to form a monolithic structure. Typically, external walls use a single skin of 250mm thick blocks while internal, non-loadbearing walls use 100mm thick blocks. Hebel’s tight manufacturing tolerances deliver beautifully flat, true surfaces that are easily rendered and painted.

Walls built with Hebel PowerBlock are strong and durable, providing the security of solid masonry coupled with exceptional thermal and acoustic insulation properties. With over three times the thermal resistance of double brick, Hebel PowerBlocks exceed the Building Code of Australia (BCA) for energy efficiency regulations for zones 1,2, 3 and 5 without the need for additional bulk insulation.

Hebel PowerBlocks are non combustible and can achieve an Fire Resistance Level (FRL) of up to 240/240/240.

For detached houses, this is well above the requirements for building right up to the boundary line and making Hebel an ideal choice for bushfire prone areas.

Compared to traditional double brick construction, Hebel PowerBlock walls can be laid much faster, saving building time and costs. Building with Hebel Blocks may create more internal floor area for the same building dimensions.

Hebel Lintels can be used over windows, doors and garage door openings. Hebel also supplies sill blocks for under windows to complement the overall look of your home.

Fig 1.1 Isometric Concept House

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4.0 Fire

Hebel AAC has a BCA Group Number 1. Hebel PowerBlock walls satisfy BCA 2008 Vol.2 Clause 3.7.1.5 (a) (iii) masonry construction and therefore suitable for boundary wall construction on a Class 1 building.

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7.0 Structure

7.1 Slabs and Strip Footings

Site Classification

Site Classifications are generally carried out for new housing developments, be they part of a subdivision or an individual allotment. The purpose of the site classification is to assess the subsurface conditions and therefore enable determination of the most appropriate foundations/floor slabs (i.e. the classification will generally determine the appropriate dimensions for house footings and / or floor slabs).

Site Classification is carried out in accordance with the Australian Standard AS2870-1996: “Residential Slabs and Footings”.

The available Classes include S (slightly reactive), M (moderately reactive), H (highly reactive), E (extremely reactive), or P (problem site). Classes S, M, H, and E refer generally to sites in which clayey soils will form the founding strata. The classification indicates how reactive the clay subsoil is to changes in moisture content. The reactivity (shrinking and swelling) of the clay can have a significant impact on the footings/slabs of a building slab, which need to be designed to counteract the movements of the clay soils.

Sites classified as Class P generally present difficulties for the proposed construction. The P classification more often than not suggests deep and/or uncontrolled fill, which cannot provide suitable bearing for the house. In these situations, the house is either founded on the stable materials beneath the fill (i.e. deep footings/piers), or the fill is removed and replaced with compacted, controlled fill.

Slab Design

All Hebel PowerBlock homes must have footings and slabs designed to AS 2870Full Masonry”. Local engineering advice should always be sought.

Fig 7.1.1 Isometric Concept House Fig 7.1.2:  Slab on Ground Table 7.1.1 Slab on Ground 

SITE CLASS TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION EDGE AND INTERNAL BEAMS SLAB MESH
Depth (d) mm Bottom Reinfor-cement Max. Spacing Centre to Centre (m) Setdown (s) mm Width (b) mm Slab Length <18m Slab Length <18m & <25m Slab Length <25m & <30m
CLASS ‘A’ Hebel Masonry Wall 400 3-L8TM 50 350 SL72 SL82 SL92
400 3-L8TM 100 350 SL72 SL82 SL92
400 3-L8TM 150 400 SL72 SL82 SL92
400 3-L8TM >200 450 SL72 SL82 SL92
CLASS ‘S’ Hebel Masonry Wall 400 3-L11TM 5.0 (Note 1) 50 350 SL72 SL82 SL92
400 3-L11TM 5.0 (Note 1) 100 350 SL72 SL82 SL92
400 3-L11TM 5.0 (Note 1) 150 400 SL72 SL82 SL92
400 3-L11TM 5.0 (Note 1) >200 450 SL72 SL82 SL92
CLASS ‘M’ Hebel Masonry Wall 500 3-L12TM 4.0 50 350 SL82 SL82 SL92
500 3-L12TM 4.0 100 350 SL82 SL82 SL92
500 3-L12TM 4.0 150 400 SL82 SL82 SL92
500 3-L12TM 4.0 >200 450 SL82 SL82 SL92
CLASS ‘M-D Hebel Masonry Wall SITE SPECIFIC ENGINEERING REQUIRED
CLASS ‘H’ Hebel Masonry Wall SITE SPECIFIC ENGINEERING REQUIRED
CLASS ‘H-D’ Hebel Masonry Wall SITE SPECIFIC ENGINEERING REQUIRED
CLASS ‘P’ Hebel Masonry Wall SITE SPECIFIC ENGINEERING REQUIRED

GENERAL NOTE: This table is to be read in conjuntion with the requirements of AS2870 and AS3600.

NOTES:

  1. A 10% increase in the spacing is permitted where the spacing in the other direction is 20% less than specified.
  2. Where the number of beams in a particular direction satisfies the requirements of the maximum spacing given above, the spacing between individual beams can be varied provided that the spacing between any two beams does not exceed the spacing given in the above figure by 25%. These allowances for increased beam spacings do not override the maximum spacings between edge beams and first internal beams as required by clause 5.3.9.
  3. For two storey timber framed floor or Hebel floor panel construction, the width of the edge beams must be increased by 100mm and the bottom reinforcement must be increased by one bar of the same diameter.

Table 7.1.2 – Strip Footing

Site Class Type of Construction Depth (d) mm Width (b) mm Reinforcement
CLASS ‘A’ Hebel Masonry Wall 300 450 4-L8TM
CLASS ‘S’ Hebel Masonry Wall 400 450 4-L11TM
CLASS ‘M’ Hebel Masonry Wall 600 450 4-L12TM
CLASS ‘M-D’ Hebel Masonry Wall Site Specific Engineering Required
CLASS ‘H’ Hebel Masonry Wall Site Specific Engineering Required
CLASS ‘P’ Hebel Masonry Wall Site Specific Engineering Required

GENERAL NOTE: This table is to be read in conjunction with the requirements of AS2870 and AS3600.

NOTES:

1. For all beams 700mm or deeper, as specified in the table above, internal footings shall be provided at no more than 6m centres, and at re-entrant corners to continue the footings to the opposite external footing.

2. Internal strip footings shall be of the same proportions as the external footing and run from external footing to external footing ‘side slip joints’ consisting of a double layer of polyethylene shall be provided at the sides of the footing only.

3. Provide ventilation to the sub-floor in accordance with the BCA.

Sub-Floors On Elevated Sites

Hebel PowerBlock must not be used at or below ground level. When building a Hebel PowerBlock structure on a sloping site that is not suitable for a concrete slab, a solid core-filled concrete block or brick substructure may be erected on a strip footing to raise the building and floor system to a level that is clear of the ground resulting in a level building platform that allows sufficient airflow under the floor.

The first course of Hebel PowerBlocks must be laid on a DPC to stop rising damp and to act as a bond breaker between the different building elements.

Termite Protection

Hebel PowerBlocks are not a food source for termites. Solid wall construction still requires termite protection. There are many methods to protect your home against a termite invasion and a qualified professional pest control should be consulted to determine the most suitable method for your design.

The Building Code of Australia recognises an exposed slab edge to a depth of 75mm above finished ground level as adequate termite prevention.

For masonry sub-floor construction a continuous ant cap installed between the brick/ concrete block work and the Hebel PowerBlock also satisfies the Building Code of Australia termite protection requirements.

7.2 Hebel PowerBlock Walls

Generally, the minimum recommended wall thickness is:

  • 250mm for external walls
  • 150mm for internal load-bearing walls.
  • 100mm for internal non-load bearing walls.

Hebel suggests considering a wall as having top and bottom lateral restraints only (one-way vertical span) and designing the appropriate wall thickness, so that retrofitting or changing the location of the movement joints will not be detrimental to the lateral load capacity of the wall. In determining the appropriate wall thickness, the designer shall consider a range of factors relating to relevant codes and project specific considerations, these factors may include:

  • Movement joint location
  • Bracing considerations
  • Vertical (compression) loading
  • Out of plane wind/earthquake (lateral) loading
  • Required fire rating level (FRL).

The particular project loading configurations could result in walls that exceed the above minimum requirements.

Ring Beam (for standard trussed roofs)

A ring beam must be provided at the base and top of perimeter Hebel walls. The ring beam is 60mm x 60mm with 1N12 bar centrally located. Shear connection ties are to be placed at the location of control joints at 600mm spacings (vertically). See Fig 7.2.1 for ring beam details.

Fig 7.2.1 Typical Hebel Ring Beam Detail

Bond Beam (for vaulted roofs)

A bond beam is a continuous beam around the perimeter of a building for the purpose of providing lateral stability and bracing to the walls for vaulted/cathedral roofs, to minimise cracking at openings. As a minimum, bond beams are to be located at the top of the walls for each floor level, or at a maximum vertical spacing of 3m. Bond beams are constructed of reinforced concrete which is poured in situ between two Hebel PowerBlocks. The minimum dimension of the bond beam must be 100mm wide and 200mm high. Bond beam reinforcement should be not less than 2 rows of 12mm deformed bars placed top and bottom in the centre of the beam (overlapped at least 400mm where it joins).

Where bond beams intersect a control joint, it is important to continue the control joint through the beam. The reinforcing bars must pass through the control joint and terminate 400mm past the joint. Where the reinforcing bars are bridging the control joint, the bars that extend for the 400mm should be fitted into conduit sleeves to allow the wall to expand and contract without causing excessive stress on the wall.

Bond beams must be continuous around a built-in corner.

The ring beam at the base is still required. See Fig. 7.2.1.

Fig 7.2.2 Typical Hebel Bond Beam Detail

Compression

The assessment of Hebel PowerBlock wall compression capacity in this Design and Installation Guide is based on the scope of this design guide (see Section 6.0 and Table 6.1). Three top support conditions are applicable:

1) Supporting concrete slab above (see Section 14 and Fig. 14.26)

2) Supporting floor other than concrete slab above (see Section 14 and Fig. 14.28)

3) Face supported framed floor (See Section 14 and Fig. 14.27)

No vertical support of the wall is considered as worst case in the compression capacity assessment. Under that constraint and for wall heights up to 3000mm:

  • 250mm load-bearing external PowerBlock walls have adequate compression capacity for all top support conditions.
  • 150mm load-bearing internal PowerBlock walls to 3000mm height have adequate compression capacity for the first two top support conditions, but is not suitable for face loaded framed floors. If face loaded timber framed floors are designed both sides of the wall, their spans are within 20% and loading is the same, this can be considered top support condition 2. Otherwise 250mm Hebel PowerBlock wall is required.

Roof loading on top of the wall through the top plate is considered top support condition 2.

Bending

250mm Hebel PowerBlock walls up to 3000mm height have adequate bending capacity without edge support in wind classifications N1 to N3.

Table 7.2.1 provides maximum wall lengths between edge restraints for wind classifications N4 to N6 and C1 to C4. Both ends of these walls must have edge support.

Edge support must be an engaged perpendicular wall (bracing wall) or a built-in 89x89x5 SHS column. The designer must detail the plate connections at the base and top of the SHS column and specify adequate ties to the Hebel PowerBlock work.

Shear

Horizontal forces, such as wind and earthquake loading, applied to a building are to be resisted by bracing walls. Bracing walls are located generally at right angles to the walls subjected to these forces. All bracing components in the building shall be interconnected to adequately transfer the imposed loads to the footings.

Table 7.2.1

Wind  Classification Maximum Wall Length Between  Edge Supports (m)
 N4  3.4
 N5  2.6
 N6  2.1
 C1  3.7
 C2  2.8
 C3  2.1
 C4  1.8

Refer to Appendix K in AS3700 for total ultimate racking forces for houses in wind classifications up to N4/C2. Those tables are based on wall height up to 2700mm. For wall height greater than 2700mm up to 3000mm, factor up the loads by 15%. Earthquake categories H1 and H2 are covered by N3/C1 tables and earthquake category H3 is covered by N4/C2 tables.

Table 7.2.2 provides ultimate racking capacities of unreinforced 150mm and 250mm Hebel PowerBlock walls. This table does not include sliding which the designer must also check depending on compression loads on wall in all wind cases and dowel action at base of wall through hold-down rods.

Lintels General

The minimum bearing lengths at the end of all Hebel lintels is 150mm or L/8, whichever is greatest. The bearing PowerBlock must extend past the end of the lintel by min. 100mm.

Hebel Lintels

Hebel lintels are reinforced sections similar to panels. The lintels are used as supports over doorways, windows and other opening.

Lintels shall be installed so that the surface marked ‘THIS SIDE UP’ is uppermost, as the section reinforcement may not be symmetrical. Hebel lintels are not to be cut on-site.

Table 7.2.4 presents the range of standard Hebel lintels and the associated capabilities.

For larger spans, use structural steel lintels as designed by the project structural engineer.

Steel Lintels

Can be used to support PowerBlock work above openings. refer to Tables 7.2.5 and 7.2.6.

Control Joints

During the life cycle of a building, the building and the materials that it is constructed from will move. These movements are due to many factors working together or individually, such as foundation movement (shrinkage and swelling), thermal expansion and contraction, differential movements between materials, climate and soil condition. This movement, unless relieved or accommodated for, will induce stress in the materials, which may be relieved in the form of cracking. To accommodate these movements and relieve any induced stresses, control joints (vertical gaps) shall be installed to minimise cracking in Hebel masonry walls.

Location of Control Joints

Where control joints are required they are best positioned:

  • At no more than 6m spacing unless more stringent requirements are specified in accordance with AS 2870.1996.
  • At intersecting walls and columns.
  • At changes of wall height or thickness, or where chases occur.
  • To coincide with movement joints in adjacent elements of structure (floor or roof )
  • At junctions of dissimilar materials
  • Where architectural or structural features create a ‘weak’ section

Movement joints are not normally required below DPC level.

Construction of Control Joints

Straight, unbonded vertical joints are the most common type of control joint. Typically, the vertical joint is 10mm wide and filled with an appropriate backing rod and flexible sealant.

Where stability of the design requires continuity across the joint, Hebel control joint ties should be set in every second bed joint.

Movement joints must be continuous through the entire block wall and all surface finishes. When the control joint is aligned with a window or door opening, the joint must be continuous and may need to be offset to deal with the lintel spanning the opening. In such a case a slip joint must be provided under that end of the lintel. Control joints must also be continuous through any bond beams which have been installed in the wall. This can be achieved by breaking the bond beam at this joint during it’s construction. To maintain lateral strength and continuity of the bond beam, the reinforcing rods should bridge the joint with one side of the beam having conduits cast in for the rods to slide while still keeping the wall in plane.

The control joints should be installed as the wall is being constructed as the joint ties must be installed in the centre of the block ensuring the tie is fully bonded with Hebel adhesive.

Service Penetration

To penetrate services through Hebel walls, core out an appropriate sized hole (typically 10mm larger diameter than the service) and run the service through. A flexible sealant should be used to seal the gap around the service, this will also prevent any cracking/ movement issues that may occur with the stress imposed on the blocks if the services were placed hard against the Hebel PowerBlock.

For penetrations through fire rated walls, an appropriate fire collar must be used with fire rated sealants. To affix the services to the Hebel walls please refer to the fixing guide in this manual.

Chasing Services Into Hebel

  • Services should be run through cavities where possible to avoid unnecessary chasing into Hebel.
  • Where chasing is necessary some basic guidelines need to be followed.
    • All Hebel products 100mm or less must not be chased
    • All chases must comply with the BCA.
    • The depth of the chase must not exceed 25mm
    • The width of the chase must not exceed 25mm
    • The maximum number of chases allowed is 2 chases per 1 metre length of wall.
    • All chases must be backfilled with a material that will adhere to the wall (Hebel Patch or a sand /cement patching mix).
    • Chasing can be done with a Hebel Hand Router or a power router fitted with dust extraction.
Table  7.2.2 Unreinforced Wall
Wall Length (mm) Ultimate Racking Capacity (kN)
150mm PowerBlock 250mm PowerBlock
900
1200 0.5
1800 1.0 1.5
2400 1.5 2.5
3000 2.5 4.0
3600 3.5 6.0
4800 6.5 10.5
6000 10.0 16.5

Table 7.2.3 Top-Plate & Hold-Down selection Table

Wind Classification Top Plate & Hold-Down
Tile Roof Sheet Roof
N1 A / B / C B / C
N2 A / B / C D / F
N3 D / F D / F
N4 D / F D / F
N5 E / G E / G
N6 E / G E / G
C1 D / F D / F
C2 E / G E / G
C3 E / G E / G
C4 G G
Legend
A 90×45 F7 timber top plate / 700mm deep strap @ 1200mm ctrs
B 90×45 F17 timber top plate / 1700mm deep strap @ 2400mm ctrs.
C 90×45 F17 timber top plate / Ф12mm rod @ 2400mm ctrs.
D 90×45 F17 timber top plate / Ф12mm rod @ 1200mm ctrs.
E 90×45 F17 timber top plate / Ф12mm rod @ 900mm ctrs.
F 100x50x3.0 RHS top plate / Ф12mm rod @ 2400mm ctrs.
G 100x50x3.0 RHS top plate / Ф12mm rod @ 1200mm ctrs.

Table 7.2.4: Lintel Selection – Hebel Lintel

Opening Width (mm) Single Storey or Upper Level of Double Storey Lower Level of Double Storey
Tile Roof Sheet Roof
Tiled Roof Sheet Roof Floor Panel Power Floor Floor Panel Power Floor
 900  A  A  A  A  A  A
 1200  B  B  B  B  B B
 1500  B  B  B  B  B  B
 1800  C  C  C  C  C  C
 2100  D  D  D  D  D  D
 2400  D  D  D D  D  D
 2700  E  E  E  E  E  E
 3000  E  E  E  E  E  E
 3300  –  –  –  –  –
 3600  –  –  –  –  –  –
 3900  –  –  –  –  –  –
 4200  –  –  –  –  –  –
Legend (Hebel product code)
A 22046 + 22047
B 22038 + 22039
C 22041 + 22042
D 22043 + 22044
E 82066 + 82067

NOTE: Hebel lintel for 250mm external wall comprises 100mm lintel on outside face and corresponding 150mm lintel on inside face. Top plate to bear across both lintels, min. 25mm bearing on 100mm lintel.

Table 7.2.5: Lintel Selection – Equal Angles

Opening Width  (mm) Single Storey or Upper  Level of Double Storey Lower Level of Double Storey
Tile Roof Sheet Roof
Tiled Roof Sheet Roof Floor Panel Power Floor Floor Panel Power Floor
 900  A  A  A  A  A  A
 1200  A  A  A  A  A A
 1500  A  A  D  C  D  B
 1800  A  A  E  E  E  E
 2100  B  A  F  E  E  E
 2400  D  B  – F  –  F
 2700  E  C  –  –  –  –
 3000  E  E  –  –  –  –
 3300  E  E  –  –  –
 3600  F  E  –  –  –  –
 3900  –  E  –  –  –  –
 4200  –  F  –  –  –  –
Legend
A 2/100X100X6 EA
B 2/100X100X8 EA
C 2/100X100X10 EA
D 2/100X100X12 EA
E 2/150x100x10 UA
F 2/150x100x12 UA

NOTE: For unequal angles, the long leg is vertical.

Table 7.2.6: Lintel Selection – Galintel

Opening Width  (mm) Single Storey or Upper  Level of Double Storey Lower Level of Double Storey
Tile Roof Sheet Roof
Tiled Roof Sheet Roof Floor Panel Power Floor Floor Panel Power Floor
 900  A  A  A  A  A  A
 1200  A  A  A  A  A A
 1500  A  A  A  A  A  A
 1800  A  A  A  A  A  A
 2100  B  A  A  A  A  A
 2400  E  D  D D  D  B
 2700  E  D  D  D  E  D
 3000  E  E  E  D  E  D
 3300  E  E  –  –  E
 3600  F  E  –  –  –  –
 3900  –  E  –  –  –  –
 4200  –  –  –  –  –  –
Legend
A Multi-Rib T-Bar – 200x200x7
B Multi-Rib T-Bar – 200x200x9
C Traditional T-Bar – 200×10/200×10
D Traditional T-Bar – 250×10/200×10
E Traditional T-Bar – 250×12/200×10

7.3 Floor Panel Systems

Hebel Floor Panels are reinforced AAC panels designs as loadbearing components in commercial, industrial and residential construction applications.

A preliminary thickness of the floor panel can be determined from table 7.3.1 in this guide. Contact your local distributor to confirm the selected floor panel thickness is adequate for the design parameters of span, load, deflection, limit and fire resistance level rating.

After the panels are laid, reinforcing bars are placed between the panels in the recess and around the perimeter of the floor to form the ring anchor system in accordance with Hebel specifications.

The joints and ring anchor sections should be lightly pre-wetted, filled with minimum 15 MPa concrete grout, and rodded to ensure complete and level filling of the notch and groove. A mix of CI:S3:A2 (5mm maximum coarse aggregate) with 150mm slump is usually suitable. The grout should completely cover the reinforcing.

The hardness of Hebel Floor Panels is greater than the PowerBlocks. When ring anchors are placed accurately and mortar is poured carefully and screeded properly, the surface is level and smooth.

When Hebel panels are used in external floor areas such as patios or balconies, it is important to use an approved waterproofing membrane.

Hebel Floor Panels provide an excellent, solid, stable base for tile, slate, marble and other hard surface flooring, including bathroom, laundry and other wet area applications.

The smooth flat surface is also perfectly suited to carpet, vinyl, timber boards, parquetry and decorative plywood flooring.

Panels in General

Panels should not be cut on site unless they are ordered as cuttable. It is preferred they are ordered from the factory at the desired length. Where panels have been cut the exposed reinforcing should be with coated with Hebel corrosion protection compound or an approved equivalent.

Hebel panels are supplied ready for use. They can be simply and easily laid into position with only the joints needing to be mortared. Installation is therefore largely dry and generally no formwork or bracing is necessary. The reinforcing in the panels is custom designed for each project.

Panels installed on Hebel PowerBlock work or steel beans can offer a flooring system that can be laid down exceptionally fast. As well as providing the benefits of rapid construction, differential movement between floors and walls is minimised.

Framed Floors

Hebel PowerBlock construction can incorporate floor construction using joists. Typically the joists are installed onto bearing plates which distribute the floor loads evenly into the supporting blocks. Hebel PowerBlocks are easily shaped to infill between the joists. The infill blocks will provide support for the blocks above the floor framing.

Image 7.3.1:  Installed Floor Panels Table 7.3.1:  Hebel Structural Floor Panels 

With Flexible Coverings / No Walls Above (L/250 deflection)

Maximum Panel Length (metres)
Live Load (kPa) 1.5 2.0 3.0
Superimposed Dead load (kPa) 0.0 0.5 1.0 0.0 0.5 1.0 0.0 0.5 1.0
Panel Thickness (mm) 150 (4.00) 4.00 3.82 3.60 3.94 3.68 3.49 3.64 3.45 3.30
175 (4.50) 4.50 4.40 4.16 4.50 4.25 4.03 4.20 4.00 3.83
200 (5.00) 5.00 5.00 4.73 5.00 4.83 4.60 4.78 4.56 4.38
225 (5.50) 5.50 5.50 5.24 5.50 5.35 5.10 5.30 5.06 4.86
250 (6.00) 6.00 6.00 5.77 6.00 5.88 5.63 5.83 5.58 5.37

With Rigid Coverings / Walls Above (L/600 deflection) 

Maximum Panel Length (metres)
Live Load (kPa) 1.5 2.0 3.0
Superimposed Dead load (kPa) 0.0 0.5 1.0 0.0 0.5 1.0 0.0 0.5 1.0
Panel Thickness (mm) 150 (4.00) 3.77 3.55 3.39 3.54 3.36 3.22 3.20 3.07 2.96
175 (4.50) 4.31 4.09 3.92 4.05 3.87 3.73 3.68 3.55 3.44
200 (5.00) 4.88 4.66 4.48 4.60 4.41 4.26 4.19 4.05 3.94
225 (5.50) 5.42 5.18 4.98 5.11 4.91 4.75 4.66 4.51 4.39
250 (6.00) 5.00 5.70 5.50 5.62 5.42 5.25 5.13 4.98 4.85

NOTES TO FLOOR PANEL TABLES:

• Length is calculated based on the minimum bearing.

• Minimum bearing is panel length /80 but not less than 60mm.

• Maximum clear span is panel length less than 2x minimum bearing.

• (Length) is maximum standard panel length in metres.

Image 7.3.2:  Installed Floor Panels

7.4 Decks, Verandahs and Pergolas

When attaching a deck, verandah roof or pergola to your Hebel PowerBlock Wall, the building designer / project engineer must calculate and determine the loads that will be imposed on the Hebel PowerBlocks. For conditions equal to or less than those outlined in table 7.4.2, a timber or steel waling plate may be attached to the block wall as shown in Section 14 details 14.34 and 14.35. This must be affixed using the appropriate number and type of fixings as outlined in Tables 7.4.1 and 7.4.2. The fixings must be either Fischer Injection Mortar 10mm x 80mm long or Ramset Injection Mortar 12mm x 160mm long.

Where the loads that will be imposed on the waling plate exceed the table or the structure is to be detached from the Hebel PowerBlock Walls, a detached post and beam structure may be erected adjacent to the Hebel wall which will ultimately transfer the load directly into the foundation. This type of construction must be designed and certified by the project engineer.

Table 7.4.1 Deck/Verandah Floor Walling Plate Connection

Deck Flooring Type Maximum Anchor Spacing (mm)
Joist Span = 1.2m Joist Span = 2.4m
Timber 800 400
Tile 600 300

Table 7.4.2 Roof Walling Plate Connection

Wind Classification Maximum Anchor Spacing (mm)
Rafter Span = 2.4m Rafter Span = 4.0m
Sheet Roof Tile Roof Sheet Roof Tile Roof
N1 1500 900 900 500
N2 1300 800 750 450
N3/C1 1000 650 600 400
N4/C2 700 550 400 300
N5/C3 450 400 250 250

Note:  Walling plate span capacity to be checked by building designer project engineer. 

Image 7.4.1:  Decks, Verandahs and Pergolas find out more

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12.0 PowerBlock Handling

Manual Handling

To minimise the possibility of manual handling injuries, Hebel suggests the following:

  • Use mechanical aids, such as trolleys, forklifts, cranes and levers, or team lifting to move Hebel.
  • Keep the work place clean to reduce the risk of slips, trips and falls, which can cause injury.
  • Plan the sequence of installation to minimise panel movements and avoid awkward lifts.
  • Good lifting techniques to be adopted to minimise the risk of injury.

Mechanically Assisted Handling

Moving and handling Hebel Floor Panels and Hebel Lintels should be done using mechanical aids such us forklifts, cranes and special panel lifting trolleys. Different panel lift attachments are available for installing panels. For purchasing or hire of these devices please contact CSR Panel Systems.

Health, Safety & Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Hebel AAC products are cement-based, which may irritate the skin, resulting in itching and occasionally a red rash. The wearing of gloves and suitable clothing to reduce abrasion and irritation of the skin is recommended when handling Hebel AAC products.

Approved respirators (AS/NZS1715 and AS/NZ1716) and eye protection (AS1336) should be worn at all times when cutting and chasing. Refer to the Hebel Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS).

Cutting

The use of power tools when cutting masonry products may cause dust, which contains respirable crystalline silica, with the potential to cause bronchitis, silicious and lung cancer after repeated and prolonged exposure. When using power or hand tools, on Hebel products, wear a P1 or P2 respirator and eye protection. When cutting, routing or chasing Hebel products with power tools, use dust extraction equipment and wear appropriate hearing protection. Refer to the appropriate Hebel MSDS.

Reinforcement exposed during cutting is to be coated with a liberal application of Hebel corrosion protection paint.

Fig. 12.1 Standard personal protection equipment.

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13.0 Delivery & Storage

PowerBlock Delivery

PowerBlock pallets should be unloaded and moved with only approved lifting devices. Before use, the lifting devices should be checked for the required lifting tags. PowerBlock pallets should be unloaded and stored as close to the intended installation area as possible. This will increase work efficiency and minimise the need for secondary lifting.

It is good practice to inspect the delivery for damaged blocks. Unnecessary handling will increase the risk of damage to the Hebel PowerBlocks. Care should be taken when cutting the packaging straps, blocks may come away and cause injury or become damaged.

TIP – When a block is damaged it may be possible to cut away the damaged section and use the remaining portion in the wall.

Storage

All materials must be kept dry and preferably stored undercover. Hebel PowerBlocks should be left on their pallet until they are required. Place the pallet on a level and stable surface. The project engineer should be consulted as to the adequacy of the structure to support Hebel PowerBlocks if they are not stored directly on the ground or concrete slab.

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